What are Terahertz waves?

What are Terahertz waves?

Terahertz waves, also called submillimeter waves, T-Rays, T-Waves are electromagnetic waves in the frequency band between 300 GHz and 10 THz (1THz=10^12 Hz).  Wavelengths of radiation in the terahertz band range from 30 µm to 1 mm. That’s why they are also known as submillimeter waves. Terahertz radiation lies between microwaves and infrared light regions of the spectrum and it shares some properties with each of these. Like infrared light, terahertz waves can travel in a direct path from the source to the receiver, and manipulated with optical elements. On the other side, like microwave radiation, they are non-ionizing (they don’t carry enough photon energy to ionize (remove an electron) atoms or molecules) and can penetrate a wide variety of non-conducting materials. Among them there are clothes, skin, paper, cardboard, wood, plastics, ceramics etc.  On the other hand, Terahertz waves cannot penetrate metal, water and liquids. These properties are making the T-Waves attractive candidates for the brand-new applications in a various fields (imaging, non-destructive testing, healthcare, security and defense…). For example, due to a non-ionizing property, Terahertz waves can penetrate some distance inside the body tissue, and as they are inoffensive for living organisms, they can be a good replacement of the X-Ray imaging. Still, we don’t see the Terahertz waves; they are naturally occurring and surrounding us in everyday life. Yet this region of spectrum remains the least explored mainly due to the technical difficulties. But recently, thanks to advances in a technology, new systems were developed to both generate and measure/detect those waves. These decisive advances are promising for a number of applications. Some interesting physical properties...

Interview with Peter Ertl, Head of the Photo Studio at the Albertina Art Museum in Vienna.

Please introduce yourself and tell us about your work at the Albertina photo studio. I have worked as a trained photographer at the Albertina for more than 30 years and I am now head of the photo studio. At first I worked with black and white photography; then we moved on to using scan backs. Now we work exclusively with the latest digital technology, including a high-resolution camera by PhaseOne and the SupraScan high-performance scanner (SupraScan Quartz A1 – Product) by i2s. I am assisted in the studio by my colleague Ms Pohankova, who is also a trained photographer. Our work has two main focus areas. We are currently in the process of digitalising our own stocks for long-term archiving, online presentation (http://sammlungenonline.albertina.at) and further processing, such as e.g. exhibition catalogues. And we also create high-quality scans of our stocks, which can be ordered by external customers for a fee. We work with a wide variety of objects. The Albertina owns books, prints and paintings of all sizes. However, we mainly scan prints and newspapers up to a size of DIN A1. Almost all of the objects are unique and highly valuable. We therefore have to proceed very carefully during digitalisation. How did you become interested in “book scanners”, given that you had previously worked very successfully with camera systems? For a number of reasons, we began to work more intensively on book scanning. At the Albertina, we are unable to suspend the camera directly above the material for safety reasons. As a result, we have to lean the material against a wall. Yet we still have to align...
Manuel Valls visits i2S

Manuel Valls visits i2S

Yesterday, on Thursday October 27, things were buzzing at i2S. We had the great privilege of meeting the Prime Minister, Manuel Valls, as part of the « Factory of the Future » program launched by the New Aquitaine region. So what is New Aquitaine’s factory of the future? Initiated in February 2014, the « Factory of the Future » program now includes 290 ETIs and SMEs with over 20 employees from all over New Aquitaine (Aquitaine, Limousin, Poitou-Charentes). This program is founded on three pillars: production tools; industrial organization; and human beings in the factory (training, working conditions, and management). This ambitious program is about « making New Aquitaine a leader in French industrial renewal in the digital age and helping companies develop a new type of production that is competitive, humane and respectful of the environment « . 40 minutes to convince from the know-how to the show-how Speaking of programs, the one devised by i2S for the visit of our famous guests was intense, a winding course on the theme of « seeing what the eye cannot see ». Not easy to achieve but, as always with us, we managed it despite the troop of journalists. Pascal Thuilliez, Business Development Manager for Africa, Europe, and the Middle East, and Philippe Bayle, i2S’s great expert in image quality received the Prime Minister, Alain Rousset , the President of the New Aquitaine region, and Jean-Luc Gleize, the President of the General Council of the Gironde, in our showroom which is dedicated to the dissemination of culture and knowledge. Although i2S is a small French SME, major national institutions like libraries and archives look on us as the...
Back to the future… On Seine

Back to the future… On Seine

Some people live the rise of new technologies and innovation by reading magazines or surfing the dedicated websites compulsively. But in i2s we prefer to approach and touch the innovations and even test some of them, to listen to the market and position itself in the future. Created in 2009 by Cap Digital competitiveness cluster and digital transformation, Futur en Seine has quickly established itself as an international showcase of national and international latest digital innovations. Far from being reserved for the professionals, on the contrary, it invites the general public, including young audiences, to discover applications and prototypes in the world of health, urban planning, education, recreation and more. For 7 years, the Futur en Seine festival allows Ile companies and from all over France to present their innovations, during the first two days, to the general public and during the last two days to professional ones. For i2S, it is important to be present on this type of event, especially this year when the omnipotence of the image, immersive and engaging is a major trend of this edition. Indeed, this edition is seared by the steamroller of virtual reality: many entrepreneurs, engineers and students have seized of VR in order to explore the possibilities that lie ahead dizzying. Number of stands offering immersive experiences in health, sports and “entertainment ». For this edition, Futur en Seine festival transforms itself in a manifest: all hacked? All hackers! Because « hacker » is around the software and hardware protection, but also divert habits in place to take control. Through several highlights, Futur en Seine sheds light on how technology not only transforms...
i2S innovation confirms its ambitions with the launch of a new Common Laboratory PLIIS

i2S innovation confirms its ambitions with the launch of a new Common Laboratory PLIIS

A partnership culture for innovation Within the framework of the technological development of its products dedicated to imaging,i2S is constantly looking for innovation in both areas of lighting,optics,image processing and embedded electronics. In recent years,i2S has developed numerous research agreements with academic partners to provide products and the most innovative solutions to our customers. Driven by this culture of partnership i2S and OPCL(Organic Polymer Chemistry Laboratory) won a call for the National Research Agency (ANR) project for the creation of a joint laboratory PLIIS: Polymers Laboratory for Innovative Imaging solutions that aims to develop innovative technologies based on organic electronics for the imagining field. PLIIS: ambitious goals This joint laboratory will work for a minimum of three years to bring out the new technologies,among others,to increase the image quality and the sensors resolution,exploring electro-optical properties of organic polymers. The identified axes of work of this LabCom will have direct market outlets for i2S markets and customers. This joint laboratory will benefit the entire OPCL infrastructure including the ELORPrintTec platform,a complete single chain in Europe dedicated to the printing of organic electronic components,financed for the future investments,the Aquitaine and Arkema Region as part of EquipEx (Excellence Equipment). To be read: 13,3 million to hasten the transition to the industry. « In recent years,we joined,as part of a Chair of Excellence the Arkema-Region Aquitaine-University of Bordeaux-Bordeaux INP and today as an Industrial Chair ANR/Arkema,a dynamic team within the OPCL with skills in chemistry,physical chemistry, and physics of polymer materials for organic electronics,optics,dielectric and piezoelectric/ferroelectric: of the organic polymer material to the devices through the implementation of bonding processes. Moreover,the « Eric Coutetde » material...
digitizing scanners designed to be compatible with the high quality guidelines « Metamorfoze »

digitizing scanners designed to be compatible with the high quality guidelines « Metamorfoze »

It all starts with a story … At i2S, it all began in 2007, after a contact for our Dutch distributor who wonders himself if the i2S book scanners respond well to new guidelines « Metamorfoze »? We put in place a battery of tests and developments to meet this exciting challenge and needs of our distributor. Sewing up we crossed the barriers to meet in terms of image quality with the requirements of this Directive. This enabled us to win a number of tenders, all focused on image quality. After these experiences, we design a new scanner, the Quartz A1 , taking into account the early specification « Metamorfoze « . Today, i2S is the undisputed leader in the segment of high-quality scanners for heritage collections.   The guidelines « Metamorfoze » and « FADGI » Metamorfoze: This is the Dutch spelling of the Greek word, « μεταμόρφωσις » meaning transformation. Halfway between biology and « Metamorphoses » of Ovid, this term covers the Netherlands an extensive grant program dedicated to scanning. This program aims to conserve and digitizing Dutch cultural heritage writing . As Ovid trying to recreate in his poems, myths and the world he knew, « Metamorfoze » seeks likewise to digitally transcribe, the world of paper left by the Dutch heritage. The guidelines « Metamorfoze » has three level-based document types: Metamorfoze intended to works of art (photos & amp; tables) Metamorfoze Light for manuscripts and books; Metamorfoze Extra Light for newspapers. With a threshold « good or bad » and units based on human vision: L*a*b*, espace couleur eciRGBv2 Beyond « Metamorfoze », two international standards share the same goal and the same vision in terms of image quality, FADGI* the other side...
The resellers sales meeting

The resellers sales meeting

Every year, i2S organises a ‘Sales Meeting’ with international distributors in order to exchange views on the subject of plans within the digitalisation market and to present their digitalisation solutions, image processing and cost sharing. From the 5th to the 7th of April 2016, this meeting took place at i2S’ headquarters, welcoming guests of 19 nationalities, from Africa, Asia, America and Europe- a great occasion for the distributors. to shareinformation on the market; to see and touch new products and services ; to enrich theirselling points. ~ OBJECTIVES to see i2S perform better in a ferociously competitive market ; to be time after time improving time to market ; respond to the demands of our clients. Generally, in a format which is agile and interactive , this meeting consisted of morning plenary sessions in order to share information about the international market, but also to conductthemed workshops on i2S’ software products and solutions and collaborative work on the future of our market. WHY WE HAVE THESE TYPES OF EVENTS We hope to unite our distributors on the values of i2S. By establishing such an event, we have produced an essential and fool-proof plan for talking with and motivating our distributors, bringing the group closer together by presenting new products to them before they are put on the market. This event also enables direct exchanges between our international distributors so they can share their experiences and move forward with marketing i2S’ products and services. For Alexandre Besson, (international sales manager) it is all about ’raising the level of togetherness for our distributors, presenting them with our new solutions and our...
i2S certified ISO 13485

i2S certified ISO 13485

The standard ISO 13485 is an international standard dedicated to the conception, fabrication and marketing of medical devices to ensure its quality and compliance to regulation. i2S provides, for many years now, a variety of vision devices for the medical domain. After gaining success and experience, i2S strongly invested in quality process in order to serve its clients better. The quality management system of i2S for the medical devices is certified ISO 13485 since 2015 by the Bureau Veritas’s organisation control. This certification covers the whole processes of the development conception, production and client service. This certification complements the ISO 9001 certification. It’s about an initiated process to respond to the needs of several medical projects in the course of this period like the programs for Biorad and bioMérieux, within each other. ADVANTAGES of ISO 13485 FOR THE CLIENTS OF I2S By dint of this certification, i2S has the power to expand its services for the clients working in the field of medical instrumentation. For many years now, i2S have been designing vision systems for major international OEMs and for new startups in this field alike. With this certification i2S: has the guarantee of a level of quality of its described product that is measured and consistent with time; continuously improves the process of conception and production of its products; manages the efficiency and controls in permanence the performances of the chain in its body; satisfies regulatory requirements and responds to the expectations of their clients by facilitating the approval of products; expands the access to the international markets because the standard ISO 13485 guarantees identified proper practices which...
10 new eScan Open Systems were sold in China.

10 new eScan Open Systems were sold in China.

eSCANS THE OPEN SYSTEM, THE SCANNER TO YOUR NEEDS Our revolutionary concept of custom scanners «  eScan Open System », with Software Suite LIMB ™, propulse i2S on the Chinese digital market, and booste our reputation for the excellence of our products and the quality of our software, recognized by our customers. After his last trip to China Alex Besson, our globetrotter covering the Asian market, sold ten « eScan open system » including two to the prestigious University of Beijing, the other eight being in the hands of our Chinese partner, responsible for the distribution of i2S products on this market. In this Chinese adventure, our scanners, equipped with high sensors 71MP and motorized « book cradle », meet the « production » market of the digital sector. Beyond their robustness and ergonomics GALLERY LIMB ™ , they meet the needs of the Chinese market in particular by their high quality images. Our partner has selected our professional offer allowing them to configure those needs online – based on the very high quality production works , since it was request of the University of Beijing. THE SPECIFICS OF OUR eScan OPEN SYSTEM: Model: escan professional Type: planetary scanner Format: 560 x 400 mm Scan time: & lt; 1 sec Resolution: 400 dpi optical (up to 600 dpi) Image quality: very high lighting: LED lamps documents: books up to 15 cm in thickness, magazines, sheets bookcradle: Motorized with semiautomatic glass pane outputs: tiff, jpeg, png, pdf, multipage destinations: USB, network, email, cloud, printer drivers: api, twain The Holy Grail for us of completely opened the doors of this market would be to obtain the CCC certification....
Open innovation at i2S

Open innovation at i2S

At i2S, we can say that we were « Schumpeterian » and today we are « pirates of innovation «  and this passage is a rewarding path, a daily quest, an extraordinary human adventure. From Schumpeter to a free business Innovation is a complex process that can integrate R&D, creation and anticipation. It is also a collective effort between industries, researchers, human and social science (H.S.S.), creation, design, students, users. The vision of innovation of Schumpeter is « executing new combinations. » It leads to the production of new goods (products, services, processes); such as the introduction of a new method of production or a new means of transport, the implementation of a new organization or its improvement, opening a new outlet or the conquest of a new source of raw materials. For a long time with i2S, innovation was more technical or ordinary, as stated Norbert Alter, where in these fields of experience we distinguish: ”ordinary innovation” (Norbert Alter) : that of everyday that brings the « tips » of employees or users, in a strong development with the contribution of amateurs on « social networks » ; « incremental innovation » that combines innovation to another or improves its functionality or its performance; “ disruptive innovation » or « strategic » which creates a new product or service; “ invention » which creates a new « technical system » reorganizing the whole society. These distinctions fade with the erasing of the domination of science over technology. Science and technology merge in technoscience . However, distinguishing the invention of innovation is difficult , Lucien Sfez ( Technique and ideology , The threshold) proposes the term innovation “to mark the merge between invention and innovation, a...